WAEC May/June 2021 FREE CIVIC EDUCATION QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM [School Candidates]
2021 WAEC CIVIC EDUCATION ESSAY (THEORY) ANSWERS:
(1a). Citizenship education is a type of education that instils desirable values, attitudes, skills and knowledge into individuals to enable them to participate in the affairs of their group or adjust functionally as good citizens.
(i) It helps to promote democratic values among citizens
(ii) It helps the citizens to recognise their civic rights and responsibilities
(iii) It encourages citizens to play a helpful part in the lives of their neighbourhoods, communities and the wider world
(iv) It encourages respect for different national, religious and ethnic identities
The intercommunal relationship is a relationship that exists between two or more communities. They relate to contribute to the peaceful and harmonious development of the society/communities and bring people of the various communities together.
(i) It is the roadmap to peace and good neighbourliness: Intercommunal relationship has always been a tool for ensuring peace among communities and towns dating back to thousands of years. This perhaps explains why kings of neighbouring communities in those times encouraged inter-marriage among their subjects, while kings exchange their daughters to one another as wives.
(ii) Inter-communal relationship promotes development: Usually, development in all sectors of the community is possible once there is peace.
(iii) It enhances the security of lives and property: Harmony of good inter-communal relationships allow for the formation of security outfits by the communities themselves to complement the government’s law enforcement agents.
(iv) Inter-communal relationship promotes commerce among the community dwellers: There is the encouragement of specialization since the trading of goods and commodities is encouraged among the people. Joint market venues are developed while in rural and semi-urban communities the roads leading to such joint markets are maintained by all the community dwellers, where necessary makeshift bridges are constructed to link up communities.
(i)Volunteer and support anti-trafficking efforts in your community to eradicate any form of trafficking.
(i)Counseling in the school and at home
(ii)Good teacher/student relationship
(iii)Parents should endeavour to observe and know the person or friends their children move with
(iv)Visitation of parents to school to be aware of the activities of their children
(v)Good school allows for proper monitoring of students
(vi)The Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom; efforts should be made at home, peers and the entire community to inculcate the fear of God into youths
(ii)Organize a fundraiser and donate the proceeds to an anti-trafficking organization that will help stop trafficking.
(iii)Encourage your local schools or school district to include human trafficking in their curricula and to develop protocols for identifying and reporting a suspected case of human trafficking or responding to a potential victim.
(iv)Use your social media platforms to raise awareness about human trafficking and in terms of exposing them. And check out CNN’s Freedom Project for more stories on the different forms of human trafficking around the world.
(v)Become a mentor to a young person or someone in need. In other words, be well-informed. Set up a web alert to receive current human trafficking news. Become familiar with public awareness materials available from the Department of Health and Human Services or the Department of Homeland Security.
(i)showing love, respect and support
(ii)knowing the facts about HIV/AIDS and talking openly about
(iii)helping to reduce stress and stressful situations
(iv)helping to provide balanced nutritious meals
(v)encouraging them to get treatment if they are sick. Most infections are easily treated and cured, even if a person is HIV positive.
(i) Political Apathy threatens Democratic dispensation – When a politician wins an election in a high voter apathy political election, such a winner wins with a minority vote. Such a vote doesn’t give the winner confidence that s/he is a popular political representative in a given area.
(ii) Elections are not representative – Results of elections are supposed to be based on majority feelings. With political apathy, such is difficult.
(iii) Political Apathy hinders good governance and decision making – When elected political leaders win with a minority vote, such leaders feel reluctant to mobilize majority citizens in the area who might not have voted for him or her.
(iv) Political Apathy retards community and national developmental processes. Instead of a political leader concentrating on spending more time facilitating development-related projects, he or she might spend more time justifying that he or she is a current ward councillor, member of parliament or a current president.
(v) Another major cause of high voter apathy is that most politicians don’t perform to the expectations of the electorate.
(i)Problem solving: Civil society is a dedicated and committed problem-solver, but it seems clear that it needs to step up its efforts to adapt to a new reality of rapidly changing interconnected problems.
(ii)High ambitions and high expectations: The workload of civil society organizations has increased in the past few years, and with more work comes more responsibility and the need to manage expectations.
(iii)Difficult legislative and operational environment Across the globe, the general trend towards more restrictive regulatory measures, increased controls, and funding restrictions by governments is unquestionably making it more challenging for certain civil society institutions to carry out their activities.
(iv)Reworking the relationship with the private sector: Meanwhile, businesses have become more visibly engaged with the social and environmental agenda.
(i)Bad limited resources
(iii)Bad restricted participation
2021 WAEC CIVIC EDUCATION OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS